24 Apr Cause of Bondage
Upon enquiry, we understand that the result or the desire for a result is not the real cause of sorrow. Rather, we become despondent when we do not obtain a particular and specific result alone. For example, when we study for an exam, the natural expected result is to pass. This is a common desire, which prompts the action of preparing for the exam. However, if a student insists on being the first in the class and ends up being second, it can be the cause of sorrow, even though he has passed. Another student who was not expecting to pass, but passes, becomes elated. This shows that the cause of the sorrow is not the result of the examination or the desire to pass, but the insistence on a particular and specific result. This insistence is called attachment and this is the cause for bondage. So how do we get out of it?
We should always remember that the proper performance of action alone is in our hands. The results are gained according to various God-created laws. Therefore, the desire that “I should get desired results alone” is futile. Only one candidate alone can win the election. All cannot get the desired seat. Hence, we must act to the best of our ability, but free from the shackles of false expectation and insistence. The phrase “performed without desire” in the above verse indicates this truth. To renounce false insistence is the lesson to be learnt here. We get attached to the result because we feel we are independent, self-sufficient doers of action. This notion is called the ahankaara, or ego. The doer becomes the enjoyer and so the individual naturally becomes attached to the results. The first verse of the Upadesh Sara itself proved that this doership notion is false.